Hongan-ji Temple was founded by Monseigneur Shinran-syounin in the middle of Kamakura Era. After his death, his daughter built Ootani Byoudou to enshrine her father’s ash. In this area Ootani Hongan-ji prospered so much. However, this temple was attacked by monks in Hiei-zan, who envied its prosperity. So Rennyo, the chief of Hongan-ji at that age, reconstructed Hongan-ji at Yamashina in Kyoto. Again, Hongan-ji was attacked by monks who are sect of Nichiren-shu, so they moved to Ishiyama in Osaka. Hongan-ji battled with Oda Nobunaga, the strongest general at that time. After the war, Hongan-ji was moved to various places, and finally to the present place. It is said that Toyotomi Hideyoshi, the successor of Oda Nobunaga, contributed to its reconstruction. In 1602, supported by Tokgawa Ieyasu, the chief of Hongan-ji at that time founded another Hongan-ji at another place in Kyoto and Hongan-ji was separated to two temples, Nishi Hongan-ji Temple (West Hongan-ji) and. Higashi Hongan-ji Temple (East Hongan-ji). Nishi Hongan-ji Temple contains five building, featuring some of the finest examples of architecture and artistic achievement from the Azuchi-Momoyama Era (1568-1600). Currently Nishi Hongan-ji Temple is the head temple of Jodo-shin-shu sect and has the largest number of followers in Japan.