It was opened in 1897 and had collected, stored and exhibited cultural properties which are mainly related to Kyoto from the end of the 8th century to the middle of 19th century. It has a lot of national treasures and important cultural properties. The special exhibitions are changed several times a year. A building for special exhibitions was built in French Renaissance style and another building for thematic exhibitions was newly opened in 2014. This museum also has a tea house in it.